Michelangelo: Divine Draftsman and Designer, on view at The Metropolitan Museum of Art from November 13, 2017, through February 12, 2018, will present a stunning range and number of works by the artist: 128 of his drawings, 3 of his marble sculptures, his earliest painting, and his wood architectural model for a chapel vault. A substantial body of complementary works by his teachers, associates, pupils, and artists who were influenced by him or who worked in collaboration with him will also be displayed for comparison and context.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Three Labours of Hercules. 1530–33, Drawing, red chalk; 10 11/16 x 16 5/8 in. (27.2 x 42.2 cm) ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST / © HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II 2017, http://www.royalcollection.org.uk
A towering genius in the history of Western art, Michelangelo was celebrated during his long life for the excellence of his disegno, the power of drawing and invention that provided the foundation for all of the arts. For his mastery of drawing, design, sculpture, painting, and architecture, he was called Il divino (“the divine one“) by his contemporaries. His powerful imagery and dazzling technical virtuosity transported viewers and imbued all of his works with a staggering force that continues to enthrall us today.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Archers Shooting at a Herm. 1530–33. Drawing, red chalk; 8 5/8 x 12 11/16 in. (21.9 x 32.3 cm). ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST / © HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II 2017, http://www.royalcollection.org.uk
“This is an exceptionally rare opportunity to experience first-hand the unique genius of Michelangelo,” said Daniel H. Weiss, President and CEO of The Met. “The exhibition will display the magnificent beauty of Michelangelo’s works in order to deepen our understanding of his creative process.”
Michelangelo: Divine Draftsman and Designer will widen the conversation about the artist and present an extraordinary opportunity to see many works that are never displayed together. Drawing was the first thing Michelangelo turned to, whether he was creating a painting, a sculpture, or architecture, and it is what unified his career. He is a forceful draftsman and brings a sculptor’s understanding and eye. We can see him thinking—almost having a conversation on the sheet of paper—and there is a sense of intimacy and immediacy, as if looking over his shoulder. The exhibition will give visitors an unmatched opportunity to enter the world of this absolute master in the history of art.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Studies for the Libyan Sibyl (recto); Studies for the Libyan Sibyl and a small Sketch for a Seated Figure (verso). Ca. 1510–11. Red chalk, with small accents of white chalk on the left shoulder of the figure in the main study (recto); soft black chalk, or less probably charcoal (verso). Sheet: 11 3/8 x 8 7/16 in. (28.9 x 21.4 cm). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1924. 24.197.2
Selected from 50 public and private collections in the United States and Europe, the exhibition will bring together the largest group of original drawings by Michelangelo ever assembled for public display. Many of the drawings rank among the greatest works of draftsmanship produced. Extraordinary and rare international loans will include the complete series of masterpiece drawings he created for his friend Tommaso de’Cavalieri and a monumental cartoon for his last fresco in the Vatican Palace. Michelangelo: Divine Draftsman and Designer is organized by Dr. Carmen C. Bambach, Curator in The Met’s Department of Drawings and Prints, who commented: “This selection of more than 200 works will show that Michelangelo’s imagery and drawings still speak with an arresting power today. Five hundred years seem to melt away in looking at his art.”
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome) The Torment of Saint Anthony, Painting, Ca. 1487–88, Tempera and oil on wood, Framed: 27 × 22 3/8 in. (68.6 × 56.8 cm) 18 1/2 in. X 13 3/4 in. (47 cm x 34.9 cm) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, inv. AP 2009.01
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Young Archer Ca. 1490, Marble, Overall (wt confirmed): H. 37 x W. 13 1/4 x D. 14 in., 177lb. (94 x 33.7 x 35.6cm, 80.2867kg), The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Lent by the French State, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. L.2009.40
Michelangelo Buonarroti was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese (southeast of Florence), and died a wealthy and famous man, on February 18, 1564, in Rome. Although he spent the last 30 years of his life in Rome, his love was always for Florence, his patria (homeland), and all things Florentine. His art, his training, his methods, and his poetry were, to the last, rooted in Florentine culture. Michelangelo’s longevity was extraordinary for a person of his time. Also exceptional for an artist of his era, five major biographies were written during his lifetime or soon after his death.
The exhibition will trace Michelangelo’s life and career, beginning with his training as a teenager in the workshop of Ghirlandaio and his earliest painting, The Torment of Saint Anthony (1487–88), and first known sculpture, Young Archer (ca. 1490). It will move on to the commission of his colossal marble sculpture David in 1501, the early planning of the Tomb of Pope Julius II, and the monumental project of painting The Last Judgment on the Sistine Ceiling. An entire gallery will be devoted to the Sistine Ceiling and will include Michelangelo’s original studies for the project.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Portrait of Andrea Quaratesi, 1532. Drawing, black chalk; 16 3/16 x 11 ½ in. (41.1 x 29.2 cm). The British Museum, London
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, Caprese 1475–1564 Rome), Il Sogno (The Dream), Drawing, 1530’s. Black chalk Sheet: 15 5/16 × 10 15/16 in. (38.9 × 27.8 cm). London, Courtauld Gallery, Prince Gate Bequest (1978) inv. D 1978.PG.424.
Other sections will explore his portraiture and the beautiful finished drawings he created for close friends; his collaboration and friendship with Venetian artist Sebastiano del Piombo (1485/86–1547); and the drawings and poetry he created for the young nobleman Tommaso de’Cavalieri, whom he met in 1532 and who became a life-long friend. The artist’s last decades in Rome are reflected in the last part of the exhibition and will include, in addition to architectural drawings, the enormous cartoon (full-scale drawing) he prepared for the Crucifixion of Saint Peter fresco in the Vatican Palace, as well as a rare three-dimensional model for the vault of a chapel.
Domenico Ghirlandaio (Domenico Bigordi). (Italian, Florence 1448/49–1494 Florence), Drapery study of a standing figure, Drawing, 1485-90 Brown wash, on pink prepared paper, heightened with white; 11 7/16 × 5 3/16 in. (29 × 13.1 cm), Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi, Florence 315E
Said Dr. Bambach: “His creativity continued to be phenomenal until the end when he died at 88.”
The Metropolitan Museum of Art is indebted to the public and private collections that have graciously lent their treasured holdings to the exhibition, including The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; the Royal Collection and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Windsor; the Gallerie degli Uffizi and Gabinetto dei Disegni e delle Stampe degli Uffizi, Florence; the Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence; the Musée du Louvre, Paris; the Casa Buonarroti, Florence; the Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples; the Albertina, Vienna; the British Museum, London; and the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana and Fabbrica di San Pietro in Vaticano, Vatican City.
The exhibition is made possible by Morgan Stanley. Additional support is provided by an anonymous donor, the Gail and Parker Gilbert Fund, the Diane W. and James E. Burke Fund, Dinah Seiver and Thomas E. Foster, Cathrin M. Stickney and Mark P. Gorenberg, Ann M. Spruill and Daniel H. Cantwell, and the Mark Pigott KBE Family. It is also asupported by an Indemnity from the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue, made possible by the Drue E. Heinz Fund, and written by Dr. Bambach that will include essays by a team of leading Michelangelo scholars. It will be published by The Metropolitan Museum of Art and distributed by Yale University Press. Additional support for the catalogue is provided by the Wolfgang Ratjen Stiftung, Liechtenstein.
A variety of Education programs will accompany the exhibition, including Met Live Arts performances of La Dolce Morte, based on Michelangelo’s love poetry, and Shostakovich, Michelangelo, and The Artistic Conscience.
La Dolce Morte is made possible by The Howard & Sarah D. Solomon Foundation.
A Sunday at The Met program on January 7, 2018 will explore the ideas and influences of Michelangelo’s major works. Speakers will include Dr. Bambach and professors of art history Maria Ruvoldt, David Ekserdjian, and James Saslow.
An audio tour, part of the Museum’s Audio Guide program, is available for rental ($7, $6 for Members, $5 for children under 12). The Audio Guide is sponsored by Bloomberg Philanthropies.
The exhibition will be featured on www.metmuseum.org/Michelangelo, as well as on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter via #MetMichelangelo.